On page 1 of his fundamental summary of (Classic) “Autism and Asperger’s Syndrome”, S. Baron-Cohen (2008) lists as “Key Points” the two, overlappingly different subgroups of what has come to be known as the “Autistic Spectrum”.
“Classic autism and Asperger syndrome share two key features:
-Social communication difficulties
-Narrow interests and repetitive actions.
But they differ in two key ways:
-In Asperger syndrome, IQ is at least average and there was no language delay
-In classic autism, IQ can be anywhere on the scale, and there was language delay.”
However, these key, common and differentiated features make only for a minimal area of understanding, assessing and living with either condition.
In my opinion, DSM-5 has managed with its promotion of an Autistic Spectrum “umbrella”, to both simplify, but also confusingly complicate the clear understanding of exactly those specifics which could make the lives of neurodivergents, less miserable. Luckily (I hope)…
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